Drug Abuseاساءة استخدام الأدوية

0 Drug Abuseاساءة استخدام الأدويةDrugs of AbuseBy
Dr. Taghreed A. Ibrahim

Associate Professor of Pharmacognosy
Faculty of Pharmacy- King saud University
What is drug abuse?
The use, usually by self-administration of any drug in a manner that deviates from the approved medical or social patterns within a given culture

CNS effect.
Alter the mood.
Control the mind and the behavior.
Cause addiction.
Withdrawal symptoms.
What is Addiction
A drug is addicting if it causes compulsive, often uncontrollable drug craving, seeking and use, even in the face of negative health and social consequences.
Classification
CNS DEPRESSANTS
CNS STIMULANTS
HALLUCINOGENS
MIND ALTERING DRUGS
PEFORMANCE ENHANCING DRUGS
CNS DEPRESSANTS — Drugs that depress the overall functioning of the Central Nervous System (CNS) to induce sedation, muscle relaxation, and drowsiness.

BARBITURATES
BARBITURATES
Barbiturates are most often consumed to get “high”.
Barbiturates can cause:

KETAMINE

KETAMINE
KETAMINE SIDE EFFECTS

OPIATES
HOW ARE OPIATES CONSUMED?

OPIATES SIDE EFFECTS

OXYCONTIN

OXYCONTIN

ROHYPNOL

ROHYPNOL
CNS STIMULANTS — Drugs that increase the chemical and electrical activity of the Central Nervous System (CNS) and make the user more alert, active, anxious, restless and, in general, more stimulated than normal.

AMPHETAMINES

AMPHETAMINES

METHAMPHETAMINE

METHAMPHETAMINE
Physical Effects of Drug Use
COCAINE
Cocaine is a bitter, white, odorless, crystalline drug.

Cocaine is extracted and refined from the Coca Plant, which is grown primarily in the Andean region of South America.

COCAINE
The side effects of cocaine use can be extremely dangerous:

HALLUCINOGENS — Drugs that cause intensified sensations, mixed-up sensations (visual input becomes sound), illusions, delusions, hallucinations, stimulation, and impaired judgment and reasoning.

LSD
HOW IS LSD CONSUMED?
LSD is generally taken orally, either as a pill, a piece of blotter paper (as seen on right), or via liquid dripped onto a sugar cube. LSD can also be absorbed through the users skin.

LSD SIDE EFFECTS

MUSHROOMS

MUSHROOMS

PCP

PCP
PCP SIDE EFFECTS
MIND ALTERING DRUGS — Drugs that cannot be classified into any single category. Mind altering drugs can contain CNS depressant, CNS stimulant, and/or hallucinogenic properties.

THC

Marijuana – Made from the leaves and flowering tops of the hemp plant.

Hash/Hashish – Concentrated form of marijuana by compressing marijuana resins into small blocks.

Hash Oil – Made by soaking marijuana in a chemical solvent (such as rubbing alcohol) and then evaporating the solvent to obtain an oil concentrate.

THC

INHALANTS
HOW ARE INHALANTS INGESTED?
Inhalants are ingested into the body by breathing in the vapors of the product. Several methods of inhalation are used by abusers:
Use of a Bag — The bag is filled with the fumes and the user breathes air from the bag. Sometimes users will put their entire head into the bag.

Use of a Rag — The rag is soaked in the product and the user presses the rag over his/her mouth and nose.

Pressurized Containers — Some abusers will inhale the product directly from the container.

INHALANTS
PEFORMANCE ENHANCING DRUGS — Energy producing drugs that are thought to possess various capabilities to boost an athlete’s performance by giving them a competitive edge.

ANABOLIC-ANDROGENIC STEROIDS
ANABOLIC-ANDROGENIC STEROIDS
HOW ARE THEY TAKEN?
STEROIDS SIDE EFFECTS

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